Pediatric pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a rare disease characterized by abnormally elevated pressure in the vessels (pulmonary arteries) that carry blood from the heart to the lungs. PPH can have multiple causes, although it most commonly develops as a result of complications related to heart or lung disease.
Sleep is a physiological need of unimaginable importance in human development, playing a role in several biological processes. A person can spend a third part of their life sleeping, with childhood being the period where the most sleep is needed.
Congenital heart disease is a leading cause of infant mortality. Similarly, heart failure and sudden death are the two main reasons for cardiovascular death in adults diagnosed with heart defects at birth. However, the long-term survival of these patients varies according to the severity of the heart disease, its treatment, the development of risk factors, and possible complications.
During the first years of life, there may exist some evident gait abnormalities in children. Rotational problems of the lower extremities are a frequent reason for consultation in the daily practice of pediatric orthopedists. Parents are often concerned that their children are not walking correctly; however, gait abnormalities are part of their physical development. While many of these disorders are common and correct by themselves, some do require medical assistance.